What causes diaper rash?
Soiled diapers, whether cloth or disposable, create a warm, damp environment that can cause irritation and promote infection.
Other factors that may contribute to diaper rash:
Friction and rubbing:
Whether it is tight-fitting diapers chafing the skin or skin-to-skin contact within skin folds in the diaper area, friction and rubbing contributes to diaper rash. Irritation is worsened when the skin is wet.
Contact with irritating chemicals:
Certain chemicals found in products such as fabric softeners, detergents, baby lotions, fragrances, soaps, and scented baby wipes can irritate the skin and should be avoided. Talk to your doctor or pharmacist about which products to stay away from.
The moist, dark, and closed environment created by a diaper is a perfect breeding ground for bacterial or yeast infections (e.g. Candida) on the skin. These types of infections are more frequent in babies who have a diaper rash. Signs of infection are blisters, pus, red bumps in the creases of the skin, or severely swollen red areas that do not disappear with regular baby diaper rash treatments like zinc oxide cream.
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